This is a proposed new standard glossary term. See this post for background on this review track. To comment on the term below either click the blue “Reply” button at the bottom or select a passage of text in the term and click the “Quote” pop-up to create a comment about that section only.
Short Definition: A digital collection of an organisation’s intellectual output. Institutional repositories centralise, preserve, and make accessible the knowledge generated by academic institutions.
Extended Definition: A digital collection of an organisation’s intellectual output. Institutional repositories centralise, preserve, and make accessible the knowledge generated by academic institutions. A set of services offered by one or more research-performing institutions to members of its community for the management and dissemination of scholarly materials in digital format created by the institution and its community members, such as e-prints, technical reports, theses and dissertations, data sets, and teaching materials. Stewardship of such materials entails their organization in a cumulative, openly accessible database and a commitment to long-term preservation when appropriate. Some IRs are also used as electronic presses to publish e-journals and e-books. An institutional repository is distinguished from a subject-based repository by its institutionally defined scope. IRs are part of a growing effort to reform scholarly communication and break the monopoly of journal publishers by reasserting institutional control over the results of scholarship. An IR may also serve as an indicator of the scope and extent of the university’s research activities. For an example, see the Caltech Collection of Open Digital Archives (CODA). Institutional repositories rarely have the required infrastructure and/or expertise to support the multiple domain specific requirements that ensure interoperability and reusability.
Related Terms: Open access repository, subject repository, data repository, repository, Domain repository
Sources: Canadian Tri-agency Funders’ Open Access Policy for Publications, http://www.abc-clio.com/ODLIS/odlis_i.aspx
Term Lead: Kathleen Shearer