This is a proposed new standard glossary term. See this post for background on this review track. To comment on the term below either click the blue "Reply" button at the bottom or select a passage of text in the term and click the "Quote" pop-up to create a comment about that section only.
Short Definition: Data that has attributes which allow it to be readily and easily exchanged, compared, integrated and interpreted in other systems and databases.
Extended Definition: Data that has attributes which allow it to be readily and easily exchanged, compared, integrated and interpreted in other systems and databases. Specifically, the data must be encoded in an open, standard format (i.e. syntactic interoperability). The attributes for which the data presents measurements or descriptions must be defined and described in a open and community accepted (normative) standard; similarly, the units or representations that compose the data must also be standardised and communicated in the metadata (i.e. semantic interoperability). Legal interoperability is ensured by using clear and standard licenses or waivers to communicate that the data may be used without restriction, other than (perhaps) the obligation to cite the source and creators of the data. In the FAIR Data principles, legal interoperability is categorised as an attribute allowing reuse. The RDA Data Foundation and Terminology Interest Group gives the following definition: Interoperability describes the extent to which systems and devices can work together, exchange data, and interpret that shared data. For two systems to be interoperable, they must be able to exchange data and subsequently present that data such that it can be understood by a user. Interoperability generally means the ability to exchange data routinely/freely between systems, because each system would have at least knowledge of other systems formats in which data is exchanged. A stronger type of data exchange can include knowledge of the meaning of some of the data content. http://smw-rda.esc.rzg.mpg.de/exports/tedt.html#Interoperability Legal interoperability occurs among multiple datasets when: the legal use conditions are clearly and readily determinable for each of the datasets, typically through automated means; the legal use conditions imposed on each dataset allow creation and use of combined or derivative products; and users may legally access and use each dataset without seeking authorization from data rights holders on a case-by-case basis, assuming that the accumulated conditions of use for each and all of the datasets are met. (RDA-CODATA Legal Interoperability Interest Group. (2016). Legal Interoperability of Research Data: Principles and Implementation Guidelines. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.162241)
Term Lead: Simon Hodson