This is a proposed new standard glossary term. See this post for background on this review track. To comment on the term below either click the blue "Reply" button at the bottom or select a passage of text in the term and click the "Quote" pop-up to create a comment about that section only.
Short Definition: The transformation of a string of characters into a usually shorter fixed-length value or key that represents the original string.
Term Lead: Angus Whyte