The recent report by the Council of Canadian Academies “Science Policy: Considerations for Subnational Governments” (http://www.scienceadvice.ca/en/assessments/completed/subnational-science-policy.aspx) is worth a quick read. It notes the “uncoordinated entanglement” of responsibility for science among national and subnational governments! It speaks to the importance of having an explicit, not just implicit, policy for science and stresses that such a policy has value unto itself (e.g. not just subsumed under innovation policy). And, inevitably, it notes the critically important data challenges inherent in monitoring and evaluation of the science enterprise.