This is a proposed new standard glossary term. See this post for background on this review track. To comment on the term below either click the blue “Reply” button at the bottom or select a passage of text in the term and click the “Quote” pop-up to create a comment about that section only.
Short Definition: Includes metadata that provides sufficient information for the data to be assessed, interpreted and analysed.
Extended Definition: Includes metadata that provides sufficient information for the data to be assessed, interpreted and analysed. More specifically this means that the metadata provides as a minimum sufficient provenance information for the data to be assessed, understood and incorporated in new analysis with quantifiable degrees of confidence. In OAIS terms, the data should be accompanied with sufficient additional metadata and information (Information Package) for to be understood and used (Independently Understandable) by a potential and identified users (Designated Community). The OAIS terminology “Independently Understandable” covers a lot of the attributes of “reusability”. Independently Understandable: A characteristic of information that is sufficiently complete to allow it to be interpreted, understood and used by the Designated Community without having to resort to special resources not widely available, including named individuals. Designated Community: An identified group of potential Consumers who should be able to understand a particular set of information. The Designated Community may be composed of multiple user communities. A Designated Community is defined by the Archive and this definition may change over time. Committee for Spaces Data Systems (2012) Reference Model of an Open Archival Information System (OAIS). Available at https://public.ccsds.org/pubs/650x0m2.pdf Usability may be said to combine the attributes of data that is assessable and intelligible provided by the Royal Society report Intelligible: In a state in which judgments can be made as to the data or informations reliability. Data must provide an account of the results of scientific work that is intelligible to those wishing to understand or scrutinise them. Data must therefore be differentiated for different audiences. Assessable: Comprehensive for those who wish to scrutinise something. Audiences need to be able to make some judgment or assessment of what is communicated. They will need to judge the nature of the claims made. They should be able to judge the competence and reliability of those making the claims. Assessability also includes the disclosure of attendant factors that might influence public trust.
Term Lead: Simon Hodson